From the standpoint of Ayurveda, the human body and all of its functions are controlled by subtle, mind-body principles called Doshas such as Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Vata has the specific characteristics of air and space, and it is responsible for movement. Pitta has the characteristics of water and fire. It is responsible for metabolism and digestion. Kapha has the characteristics of earth and water. It is responsible for lubrication and structure. In fact, we have a changeable and unique combination of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
Types of Dosha
Now we are clear with this point that there are three primary dosha - Vata, Pitta, Kapha & their general characteristics. The Constitution of these doshas define who we are and how we respond to various conditions. Understanding your dosha can help you navigate many daily life issues. Now let's see each dosha in detail with their sub-doshas, conditions when in balance , conditions when out of balance and ways to pacify the imbalances.
This Dosha is formulated by an amalgamation of wind and space. The fundamental characteristic of the Dosha is movement, be it spiritual or physical. It controls the flow of neural impulses. Also, the Vata carry out a foremost function of regulating the other two Doshas. The primary focus of the Dosha is to continually maintain a balance between all the three Doshas.
Vata in Balance
- Active and vibrant
- Learns effortlessly
- Alert and Clear mind
- Falls asleep effortlessly at bedtime
- Balanced digestion and elimination
- Good circulation and even body temperature
Vata out of Balance
- Exhausted and Weary
- Absence of focus or scatter-brained
- Trouble falling asleep
- Infrequent constipation
- Can feel cold physically
- Weak circulation - cold feet and hands
- Worry or anxiousness
Five Subdoshas of Vata
The following are five sub-Doshas of Vata which include:
- Prana Vata - It is found in the head and it regulates the senses
- Vyana Vata – It controls all the meticulous bodily action and exists in the heart.
- Udana Vata – It is found in the chest area and it regulates the voice and intellectual capabilities
- Samana Vata – It is found in the stomach and it controls the entire digestive processes
- Apana Vata – It controls all the ejaculation process through the urinary tract and is found in the anal region
Ways to Pacify Vata Dosha:
- Drink Organic Vata Tea and
- Take season meals with Organic Vata Churna
- Diffuse Calming Vata Aroma Oil in your office or home.
- Go to bed early, well before ten o'clock, and rise early, before 6:00 a.m.
- Take Ashwagandha during the day
- Get ample rest.
- Follow a regular routine
- Don’t skip meals
- Eat three warm, cooked meals per day
- Supplement with Amla Berry if required
- practice relaxing exercise
- Avoid work that is stressful
- Avoid stimulants such as caffeine and alcohol
- Stay warm in cool or cold
- Reduce mental stress with meditation and/or yoga.
Pitta Dosha regulates all the processes pertaining to metabolism and vicissitudes across the mental and physical that happen in the body. It is formed by an assortment of fire and water, the important functions carried by the Dosha include processing and digesting food and further using it to articulate energy for the body.
Five Subdoshas of Pitta
The following are five sub-doshas of Pitta which include:
- Ranjak Pitta – It formulates Rakta or blood and is found in the stomach
- Bhrajak Pitta – It controls skin pigmentation and is found in the skin
- Aalochak Pitta - It is found in the eyes and controls the sight
- Sadhak Pitta – It is available in the heart and it administers the psychological competences of the body.
- Pachak Pitta – It controls the digestive functioning of the body and is found in the duodenum part of the small intestines.
Pitta in Balance
- Robust intellect
- Robust digestion
- Radiant, glowing skin
- Sleeps through the night
- Happiness and inner peace
Pitta out of Balance
- Fiery and personality
- Workaholic inclinations
- Excess stomach acid overheated
- Skin rashes and acne
- Sporadic sleep
- Loose bowel movements
Ways to Pacify Pitta Dosha
- Drink organic pitta tea
- Take season meals with organic pitta churna
- Practice cooling aromatherapy with pitta aroma oil
- Evade hot temperatures and food and fiery meals
- Favor heavy, cool, dry foods and sweet, bitter, and astringent tastes
- Decrease pungent, salty, sour, tastes and warm, oily, and light foods
- Avoid overwork
- Permit for leisure time
- Establish regular meal times particularly lunch at noon
- Do not skip meals
- Do ayurvedic oil massage with a cooling oil
- Minimize mental stress with meditation and gentle yoga
Apha dosha is associated with earth and water. It is slow and steady in nature. It demonstrates stability and structure in the mind and body. Slow to anger and easy-going, this dominant type takes their sweet time, too. While Kaphas may be slow to get going, they are reliable and steadfast. At their healthiest, Kaphas possess outstanding immunity; a robust figure; the capacity to sleep soundly; and oftentimes thick, large eyes, voluptuous hair, and healthy skin. Those who are Kapha-predominant may have larger-frame bodies and substantial builds
Five Subdoshas of Kapha
Tarpaka Kapha – It governs dampness for the nose, mouth, eyes, and brain. When out of balance, it leads to a poor sense of smell or sinus congestion
Bodhaka Kapha - It regulates the taste sense, which is vital for good digestion.
Kledaka Kapha -It governs the moisture of the stomach lining for good digestion
Avalambaka Kapha - It defends the strong muscles, heart, and healthy lungs
Shleshaka Kapha - It regulates joints lubrication, soft and supple skin
Kapha in Balance
- Steady nature
- Good longstanding memory
- Healthy strong physiology
- Strength and stamina
- Affectionate & compassionate
- Sound sleep
Kapha Out of Balance
- Easily gains weight
- Slow digestion
- Prone to respiratory & sinus issues
- Feelings of sadness
- Trouble waking up
- Food cravings
Ways to Pacify Kapha Dosha
- Drink Organic Kapha Tea
- Take season meals with Organic Kapha Churna
- Relish energetic regular exercise daily
- Favor warm temperatures
- Eat a lot of fresh vegetables, fruits, and pulses
- Reduce heavy, cold, oily foods and sweet, sour, and salty tastes
- Stay warm in cold, soggy weather
- Follow the maxims of early to bed, early to rise.
- Provide yourself oil massage with stimulating herbal massage oil on a daily basis
Dosha is Still Relevant Today
In the domain of Ayurveda, Dosha plays a dominant role. You can visit Introduction to Ayurveda for more about Ayurveda.
In this world, no one is the same by nature. Human nature varies from person to person. It all depends on the human internal quality that is regulated through three doshas, namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Before prescribing any sort of Ayurveda medicine for beauty care, weight loss or any other conditions to the patient, the practitioner (Ayurvedic doctor) needs to diagnose the doshas available in the patient. On the basis of doshas (three doshas), an Ayurvedic doctor prescribes medicine that ensures 100% recovery of the disease.
In recent times, most scientists have recognized the relevance of the three doshas and how they help to determine the proper formulation of modern medicines. Therefore, doshas can not be wiped out of the realm of Ayurveda and modern medicines. Effective analysis and proper diagnosis through dosha can help you prevent and recover from many health conditions.